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Which Factors Affect Wound Healing?

The process of wound healing is affected by many different factors. They do not only concern the wound itself and the right wound care, but the whole body system plays an important role.
[Translate to englisch:] Faktoren der Wundheilung

[Translate to englisch:] Welche Faktoren beeinflussen die Wundheilung?

The Right Wound Care

Wound healing is a natural process and can be supported by various aids. The right wound care is definitely an important factor in speeding up the healing.

  • The wound should be able to get enough oxygen. It has to be also well protected against foreign objects and bacteria. The wound has to be cleaned to wash out foreign objects and can also be protected against further particles with plasters and bandages.
  • In addition, many experts believe that a moist wound environment encourages the healing. Due to the moisture, foreign objects and dead cells can be carried away easily. It also supports the regrowth of healthy tissue and the wound will be able to close up more quickly. The wound care is provided by wound dressings which produce and maintain the moist environment. These include hydroactive wound dressings containing alginates or hydrocolloids and interactive wound dressings, for example collagen-containing bandages. The moist wound care should especially be used with larger and poorly healing wounds. For small wounds, the sufficient oxygen supply, the basic cleaning and the use of plasters are sufficient.

The right wound care is especially important when it comes to elderly people. As the body grows, wounds heal more slowly because the body can no longer form new cells as fast as before. This is a factor that cannot be changed, so it is necessary to provide the best possible compensation by means of a fast and correct supply.

The Influence of the Body System

 

Age is not the only factor when it comes to wound healing. The wound healing process is a complex self-help process inside our body and is therefore influenced by the body’s condition.

That’s why poor wound healing can happen to people, who also struggling with other diseases, like diabetes, circulatory disorders, cancer, immunodeficiency, or illnesses that concern the conjunctive tissue. They will probably need additional medical devices apart from wound dressings. Chronic wound are a special case, the wound won’t close, even after a long time span. In that case, wounds will only heal with additional medical care. However, the use of certain drugs can also disturb the wound healing process.

Your nutrition also plays an important part, next to wound care. A healthy way to eat influences the functions of the human body. For larger wounds, the energy and protein requirements are particularly high, that is why a protein-rich and vitamin-rich diet is particularly beneficial. In addition to vitamins, sodium, zinc and iron are also considered as important nutrients to support wound healing. These nutrients should only be consumed in conventional amounts. Nutrition is especially important when it comes to chronic and poorly healing wound, since the healing process extends over a long time period and the body needs enough strength.

Since wound healing is influenced by many factors, the treatment should be happening on various levels. Apart from the interaction of biological factors, the team work between the affected persons and helpers benefits the quickest possible wound healing.