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Treatment instruction for bite wounds, abrasion wounds and burn injuries!

Bite wounds, abrasion wounds and burn injuries are the most common of all injuries. These wounds are also different when it comes to the proper treatment of the wound.

Each of these three types of injuries should be treated differently. You can learn here how people afflicted with these different wounds are appropriately handling them.

Treatment of abrasion wounds

An abrasion of the skin can occur swiftly by friction and happens frequently in day-to-day life. As abrasions are primarily affecting the upper skin layer, they often heal quickly. That is why self-treatment is usually sufficient. However, if treated incorrectly, infections could emerge and one could even be left with small scars. That is why the wound should initially be cleaned meticulously in order to rinse out any foreign particles inside the wound. Injured skin can additionally be disinfected to avoid infection. Any blood flow stemming from the abrasion has to be stopped. Simple compresses are sufficient. The intrusion of foreign particles into the wound should meanwhile be prevented. Smaller abrasion wounds can, for this purpose, be protected with a patch – while ointment dressings offer an adequate treatment of bigger injuries. Ideal compresses promote the healing process of the wound through a moist environment. Because the injury of an abrasion is on the surface, they are generally harmless.

Treatment of bite wounds

Bite wounds are significantly more dangerous than abrasion as they pose a high risk of contracting an infection. The infection risk depends on both who caused the bite and the depth of the wound. Initial treatment should always be the cleaning of the wound as well as to stop the blood flow. A subsequent consultation of a doctor is recommended. He can medically disinfect the wound and, if necessary, refresh the tetanus vaccination. Following the initial treatment, the wound is usually covered in order to protect it from the intrusion of foreign particles. The wound can however, under some circumstances, be left uncovered. A meticulous observation of the wound, during the time of healing, is required in both cases in order to immediately react to any occurring inflammation. A doctor should be immediately consulted if the healing process of the wound is slow or the wound appears reddish and very painful. In case of a more serious bite wound, an operation might be inevitable.  

Treating burns

Initial treatment of damage to the skin caused by burns or scalding has to occur differently than with abrasion wounds or bite injuries. A burning is caused by dry heat or scalding through damp heat. Depending on the degree of skin damage, a distinction is made between three degrees of combustion, which are also decisive for the optimal wound care.

  • The first degree specifies injuries causing damage to the upper skin layer. It will turn red, swell up and cause pain. This type of burn can be adequately taken care of by the person concerned. A first recommended measure is always the cooling down of the wound – ideally with cold water.
  • Burns of the second degree can be self-treated as well. The second degree burns reach into deeper skin layers as well, which can lead to a higher degree of pain as well as blistering. These burn injures should also be immediately treated with lukewarm to cold water. The affected skin areas will thereby be swiftly cooled below 40 degrees which will stop the damaging of the proteins contained inside the cells. The protection of the damaged skin is necessary as burn wounds are ideal targets for germs.
  • In the event of burns of a larger size – regardless whether they are first or second degree burns – one should consult a doctor. Medical treatment is crucial in the event of burn wounds of the third degree, when the tissue lying below the skin has been damaged. An appropriate initial treatment of such larger size burns is also the cooling of the wound with cold water. This should occur for approximately half an hour – or at least as long as it takes for the ambulance to arrive.

In the event of bite or burn injures, due to the possible serious consequences, a doctor should be consulted even with slight reservations.